This session included a discussion of the technology developments in renewables and energy efficiency, electrification, and other sectors, and approaches for setting the more ambitious targets in energy roadmaps with regulatory changes needed for the NDCs. Speakers presented specific low carbon transition cases through sharing innovative technology, advanced solution, business model and regulatory, etc., and shared experience and lessons learned.
- Lei Zhang, Unit Head, Project Administration, Sustainable Infrastructure Division, EARD Asian Development Bank
- Business Models for Floating PV in Azerbaijan
Presenter: Jorge Servert, CEO, STA
A comparative analysis of possible business models to implement utility-scale floating PV in Azerbaijan is presented. The different alternatives: Traditional procurement (Design-Build or EPC Contracts., Design, Build and Finance (DBF) contracts, PPP contracts (BOT or DBFOM contracts) and IPP contracts are analyzed considering the country and FPV specific characteristics.
- EV∙ESS Battery Reuse, Re-fabrication and Recycle Technology in South Korea
Presenter: Yu-Tack Kim Chief Researcher Korea Battery Industry Association
South Korea commenced mass Li-ion battery production in 1999 and launched its second-life program for products in 2015 with the expectation that there will be a steady supply of EV batteries ready for transformation to a stationary power provider with backup function. The EOL management of the batteries is addressed in the Clean Air provisions for emissions with an understanding that the government holds the ultimate responsibility for collecting batteries for recycling or re-purposing activities. The Korea Battery Industry Association (KBIA) developed a standard second-life battery reuse valuation method in 2019. Currently, a standard for a second-life. The objective of this speech is to provide an overview of the state of affairs with regards to reuse and recycling of Li-ion batteries, in order to assess if and to what extent developing countries can and should play a larger role in this burgeoning area.
South Korea has explored end-of-life scenarios for electric batteries for over 20 years and is already developing a robust recycling infrastructure for Li-ion batteries, including reuse capacities as a secondary stationary power source/backup. The motivation for developing countries to become integral contributors in a circular economy is simple: theoretically at least, research indicates that taking on such an approach is both economically and environmentally more effective. At the right scale, recycling/reusing Li-ion batteries is cheaper and cleaner.
- Integrated Low Carbon Energy Solution of Guangzhou International Finance Park in China
Presenter: Zixuan Guo, Power system planning & operation optimization engineer Guagdong Electric Power Design Institute (GEDI)
China is facing greater pressure on carbon limit in sustainable development like other developing countries. Along with the scaling up of concentrated renewable energy, the optimization of energy utilization in City Centre and High-Tech Industrial Park is the key point to reach the carbon target. This presentation will give a brief introduction of the integrated energy supply and utilization solution in High-Tech Centre Area. Taking Guangzhou International Finance Park (GIFP) for instance, in which the integrated energy system is in proceed of construction. This presentation will firstly illustrate the energy demand characteristic in High-Tech area, and propose a low-carbon and sustainable energy development direction of the area. Secondly, to meet the energy demand and utilizing efficiency, a structure of integrated energy demand will be given, a 3-phase construction scheme of the energy system including concentrated refrigeration, distributed energy generation will be proposed. Finally, the presentation will illustrated the technical performance of the planning scheme, including the curtailment of electricity, cost of standard coal, emission of carbon, and etc. In addition, to testify the feasibility of the project, the financial performance will also be introduced based on simulation of the whole system.
- Divina Chingcuanco, Chief of Party, RTI International
- Colin Steley, Senior Investment Specialist, Asian Development Bank