Developing Asia has experienced one of the largest migration from rural to urban areas in history. In the last 20 years, about 600 million people has moved from rural villages to cities. Cities house about 60% of the population in developing Asia, and as such, consume over 2/3 of energy resources and cause over 70% of all carbon emissions. Urban energy consumption is expected to keep growing due to continuing urbanization, but also due to improved living standards. Space heating and cooling use currently about 1/3 of energy resources in cities. However, increased demand for space cooling is expected to raise the bar and become the largest electricity consumer in 2050.

Current technologies are not efficient enough to sustain such demand growth and their impact on electricity systems and the environment would be disastrous. It is necessary to look into sustainable and low carbon heating and cooling technologies that reduce energy consumption and carbon emissions, while providing the same level of comfort. District heating and cooling are potentially the most efficient options to achieve this. This session will present the current status, trends and lessons learned of district heating and cooling in the region.


Raise awareness among policy makers of the potential of district heating and cooling technologies in supporting the energy transition by reducing energy intensity and promoting decarbonization in East Asia Region.


Time (Manila) Activities
10:30 - 10:35 a.m. Introduction of session objectives and speakers

  • Mr. Alfredo Baño Leal, Senior Energy Specialist, ADB (Moderator)
10:35 - 10:45 a.m. The Impact of Sustainable District Energy in Asia Pacific

  • Ms. Lily Riahi, Programme Manager, UN Environment Programme
10:45 - 10:55 a.m. Benefits and Challenges of District Cooling in Urban Asia

  • Mr. Alfredo Baño Leal, Senior Energy Specialist, ADB
10:55 - 11:05 a.m. The Transformation of the District Heating Industry in China

  • Ms. Liu Rong, Vice President, China District Heating Association
11:05 - 11:15 a.m. What are the factors affecting the choice of district heating in Mongolia?

  • Ms. Dina Azhgaliyeva, Research Fellow, ADB Institute
11:15 - 11:25 a.m. Lessons Learned from Implementation of District Heating and Cooling Projects in China

  • Mr. Mikael Jakobsson Executive Director, Asia Pacific Urban Energy Association
11:25 - 11:47 a.m. Panel discussion among panelists guided by moderator
11:47 - 11:57 a.m. Q&A from audience
11:57 - 12:00 a.m. Closing remarks

About the Organizer

The Asian Development Bank is a regional multilateral organization committed to achieving a prosperous, inclusive, resilient, and sustainable Asia and the Pacific, while sustaining its efforts to eradicate extreme poverty. It assists its members and partners by providing loans, technical assistance, grants, and equity investments to promote social and economic development.

Point of Contact

Alfredo Baño Leal
Asian Development Bank