Session 1.3: Energy Transition in Small Island Development States and Fragile and Conflict-Affected States

May 29th, 2022

Speakers and panelists in this session will address a range of case studies and issues related to national policy and government action in the Pacific. Topics of discussion will solar-battery hybrid power systems across the Pacific; economic dispatch of such systems in the Philippines; measures to promote renewable energy and resilience in the Federated States of Micronesia; the importance of an integrated approach to marine, terrestrial, and coastal issues related to waste and energy; and the fiscal consequences of phasing out fossil fuels.

Track Chair: Dr. Han Duo, Director, Duo Energy
Moderator: Prof. Jinlong Ma, Vice President, APEC Sustainable Energy Centre


Time (Manila) Activities
10:30 - 10:35 a.m. Opening Remarks/Scene Setter

  • Samuel Tumiwa, Advisor, Sustainable Development and Climate Change Department and Chief of Fragile and Conflict-Affected Situations, Asian Development Bank
10:35 - 10:40 a.m. Introduction to Speakers and Panelists

  • Prof. Jinlong Ma, Session 1.3 Moderator
10:40 - 11:16 a.m. Presentations (12 minutes per speaker)

    Hybrid power and battery case studies in the Pacific

  • Chris Blanksby, Specialist Renewable Energy Engineer, Entura
  • The 17 Pacific small island developing states (PSIDS) are among the smallest and most remote countries in the world. Many PSIDS have set ambitious targets for renewable energy uptake in the electricity sector. This presentation draws on over 50 case studies for solar-battery hybrid developments funded by the Asian Development Bank in the Cook Islands, Tonga, Federated States of Micronesia and Tuvalu, which are each set to achieve greater than 70% of their electricity from renewable energy this decade.
    We will present the main features of these projects, their objectives, and key recommendations drawn from this experience, which include: information and guidance for decision makers on technical aspects of robust system design and implementation; impacts of development in safety, standards, and technology;, and opportunities within procurement to provide more flexible evaluation of bidders, stronger local support, and plan and manage the risks associated with co-ordinating multiple works packages.

    Powering The Federated States of Micronesia to an Exciting Future

  • Bruce Robins, Energy Sector Advisor, Department of Resources and Development
  • FSM is highly exposed to the ravages of Climate Change, including sea level rises, increased ocean acidification, more frequent droughts, flooding, and Hurricanes; The FSM has developed policies that will help to mitigate Climate Change by significantly reducing the importation and the burning of Fossil Fuels, improving the efficiency of Energy utilisation, Increasing the adoption of renewable energy both into the state utility grids and in remote island locations, and ensure the implementation of the FSM Energy Master Plan. An important objective of the Master Plan is to provide 24/7 reliable and sustainable electricity to all households and communities. By demonstrating FSM’s strong stance on Climate Change, it has highlighted the potential peril Pacific Ocean Nations will experience by the end of this century if global temperature rises are not constrained to less than 1.5oC by 2050. FSM faces a significant challenge of delivering electricity to people living on outer islands. At present, there is significant social and economic divide: people living on the four main islands enjoy almost universal access to the main electricity grids. By contrast, people on outer islands and in outlying communities have none. FSM is witnessing the effects of man-made Climate Change and bearing the financial impacts of these changes.

11:16 - 11:45 a.m. Panel Discussion

  • Divina B. Chingcuanco, Chief Of Party, USAID Energy Secure Philippines (Esp) Activity, RTI International
  • Chris Blanksby, Specialist Renewable Energy Engineer, Entura
  • Bruce Robins, Energy Sector Advisor, Department of Resources and Development
  • Salil K Sen, Sustainability "Living Labs" Professor, Management Development Institute of Singapore.
  • Session Moderator: Prof. Jinlong Ma
11:45 - 11:55 a.m. Q&A from the Audience

  • Prof. Jinlong Ma, Session Moderator
11:55 a.m. - 12:00 p.m. Closing/Wrap-up

  • Prof. Jinlong Ma, Session Moderator